Selchuk and his district on the detailed map of Turkey are surrounded with an abundance of old temples in Turkey
Where the main temples of Turkey are placed
The main sight of the district are ruins of an old Hilt where it is possible to reach by a taxi in Turkey. But it is necessary to visit and some other places, including Shirindzhe's (Sirince) nice village which was sheltered in the middle of hillocks in 8 km to the East from Selchuk as the detailed map of Turkey with small towns specifies. There perfectly to come for one day therefore it becomes more and more popular venue of the target taken place Turks. Meriyemana (Meryermana), on the other hand, represents enthusiasm only for admirers of the Bible therefore to reach it, it is necessary to take a taxi or to rent the car. In 10 minutes of driving to the South from Selchuk in the village ChAMLYK (QAMLIK) Zhd a museum standing at delightful harbour at the end of many trading ways, taking the income of a favourable cult of the anatoliysky goddess-mother of Cybele/Artemis is placed, the Hilt did not complain about life from the most own origin as the history of Turkey specifies. The myth connected with Androcles, the offspring of the Athenian tsar Kodr, knows that the oracle has enjoined to lodge to it in the place noted by fish and the run wild wild boar. Androcles and his companions, having arrived here, have found jambs of fishes and when they already fell asleep, the last sparks of a fire have ignited an adjoining bush of which has jumped out секач — and the site of the future small town has been defined, during the current time rounds of target day to Turkey here are organised. The cult of Artemis delivered here simply was alloyed with the beliefs connected with the local goddess by Cybele, and in 1000 on northern slopes of the mountain the Peony (Panayir Dagy), near the temple of the goddess there was a Hilt. Efestsam it was necessary to be provided as they occasionally showed common sense, military force or political insight.
What temple in Turkey was the stateliest in the ancient time
When in the VI century there was lidiysky governor Krez, the only thing that local inhabitants could make — it to surround with rope enclosing Artemis's temple and to disappear from attacking behind this barrier. Krez, maybe, stunned with that naivety, has managed with them softly and even has offered to the temple in Turkey means. The hilt and remained not enclosed with a wall and even without own army and directly till the Hellenic time povsevremenno passed that to hands of Greeks, in hands of Persians. Alexander the Great, having visited the Hilt in 334, has suggested to finance construction of the last version of the temple of Artemis, but fathers of the small town have tactfully murmured that one deity should not support another, and all have made on own means. After Alexander's death his commander Lisimakh has transferred the city there where it is during the current time that was absolutely necessary, because the sea has receded from it already on essential distance. It has enclosed the Hilt with its first walls which traces can be considered on located in the south Panayir Dagy and to the mountain Koress (Bulbul Dagi) is exclusive in Turkey at the end of September. The next centuries the Hilt showed the same inconstancy, promptly changing own political allies and supporting innumerable revolts against Romans. Vobshchem, it has never suffered from own unscrupulousness: at the time of the Roman Empire it even has been appointed the capital of Asia and by order of a number of tsars governing a chain was decorated with stately public constructions. The population of Turkey in a quarter of one million people grew because in Artemis's sanctuary the essential number of criminals took cover. Other inhabitants of the small town have been presented by Jews, Romans, Egyptians and anatoliyets. Without looking or maybe thanks to it, the Christianity has started up here backs earlier, than anywhere. In the middle of the I century evangelist John, and with 51 on 53 g here has come. in the Hilt there lived sacred Pavel who preached here in the main thing in the middle of the Jewish diaspora. As usual, Pavel has managed to inflate contradictions even in this cosmopolitan society and even for certain time has been concluded in a tower of the western wall which has received his name later. After it have released, it nevertheless has provoked the known revolt of silversmiths described in Acts of Apostles. Pavel has declared that Artemis's silver images cannot be sacred. The head of guild of silversmiths, лицезрев in it a thunder-storm of own profession, has brought together colleagues in an amphitheatre where they chanted «Be famous Artemis Efesskaya!», and blood of the apostle later began to achieve. The authorities of the small town managed to calm weight, but Pavel had to retire to Macedonia.
Regeneration of temples of Turkey
At the time of the Byzantian empire in the Hilt two Universal Cathedrals, including a cathedral of 431 g on which the nestoriansky lie which has proclaimed the Virgin only Hristoroditsa has been anathematized have taken place. The Byzantian era has put an end to Artemis's cult which has followed acceptance by locals of Christianity. Business attacks of Arabs and (that have completed the most awful) a harbour silting. The occupied part of the small town evenly began to move closer to a hillock with sacred John's tomb which became Selchuk's heart and when there were Turks-seldzhuki later, process of decline of the Hilt was already actually complete. At present here many hotels for youth in Turkey are placed.
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