Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol

Biomass Research and Development Initiative

The U. S. Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, in conjunction with U. S. Department of Energy

Office of Biomass Programs, provides grant funding for projects addressing research, development, and demonstration of biofu­els and biobased projects and the methods, practices, and tech­nologies for their production, under the Biomass Research and Development Initiative (Section 9008). The competitive award process focuses on three main technical areas: feedstock develop­ment; biofuels and biobased products development; and biofu­els development analysis. Eligible applicants are institutions of higher learning, national laboratories, federal research agencies, private sector entities, and nonprofit organizations. The non-fed­eral share of the total project cost must be at least 20%. Funding for this program is subject to congressional appropriations through fiscal year 2013. For more information, see the Biomass Research & Development website.

Point of Contact: Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs, U. S. Department of Agriculture

5. Ethanol Infrastructure Grants and Loan Guarantees

The Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) provides loan guarantees and grants to agricultural producers and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. Eligible renewable energy systems include flexible fuel pumps, or blender pumps, that dispense inter­mediate ethanol blends. The maximum loan guarantee is $25 mil­lion and the maximum grant funding is 25% of project costs. At least 20% of the grant funds awarded must be for grants of $20,000 or less. Funding for this program is subject to congressional appro­priations through fiscal year 2013. For more information, see the REAP website.

Point of Contact: Office of Rural Development, Business and Cooperative Programs, U. S. Department of Agriculture

Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol

Disadvantages of Ethanol

There are a few disadvantages to ethanol when compared to gaso­line, including: 1. Lower energy density in ethanol is the most signifi­cant disadvantage. A kilogram of ethanol has about 66% …

Handbook of Cellulosic Ethanol

The inevitable decline in petroleum reserves and the rise in demand for oil from rapidly growing economies have caused soaring oil prices, and coupled with climate change concerns have contributed …

Biodiesel Education Grants

Competitive grants are available through the Biodiesel Fuel Education Program (Section 9006) to educate governmental and private enti­ties that operate vehicle fleets, the public, and other interested enti­ties about the …

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