Understanding the Mathematics of Personal Finance

CALCULATING THE PAYMENT AMOUNT

Spreadsheets and online calculators handle this calculation very nicely. This section, deriving the formula, can be skipped if you wish.

If R is the annual interest rate and y is the number of payments per year, which we’re assuming is the same as the number of compounding intervals per year, then

Подпись: R У is the interest per payment period. As a notational convenience, let

R

I — 1 + .

y

The balance at the time of taking the loan, that is, after 0 payment periods, is just the principal. If we let Bn be the balance after the nth payment, then if P is the principal:

Bo — P.

The balance after the first payment period is just the principal plus the interest accrued during this period minus the payment (S):

Bi — P + PR- S — P|1 + R |-S — Pi - S.

У V y)

This relationship is recursive. In other words, to get B2, we use the same expres­sion as above except that we replace B0 with B1,

B2 — B1i - s — [Pi - S]i - s — Pi2 - Si - S,

and then

B3 — B2i - S — Pi3 - Si2 - Si - S.

The general expression is, therefore,

Bn — Pin - S£ ik.

k—0

This summation is actually a geometric series. If we let f be the summation,

f — £ ik — 1 + i + i2 +... + in-1,

k—0

then

if — i + i2 + i2 +... + in

and

if - f—f (i -1)—(i+i2+...+in-1+in )-(1+i+...+in-1)—in -1 and finally

Подпись:in -1 i -1

Putting this result back into the expression for Bn,

in -1

Bn = Pin - S—.

i -1

If we want the loan to be paid off at the end of n payment periods, then we want

Bn = 0:

in -1

0 = Pin - Sl------- .

i -1

Подпись: S = Pi Подпись: i -1 in -1

Solving the above for S,

Подпись: У image056

and recalling the definition of i,

Добавить комментарий

Understanding the Mathematics of Personal Finance

PAYING OFF A LOAN VERY SLOWLY

This section uses a little math, but I’ll go through it slowly in small steps. As with the previous section, this section is not necessary if you don’t want to …

Taxation and Inflation

John Lennon once said, “Life is what happens to you while you’re busy making other plans.” Both taxation and inflation, it seems, are parts of life—they happen to you while …

PARI-MUTUEL BETTING

The pari-mutuel machine system used at race tracks offers a different approach to gambling. A roulette wheel owner is never sure what his or her daily operating cost will be; …

Как с нами связаться:

Украина:
г.Александрия
тел./факс +38 05235  77193 Бухгалтерия
+38 050 512 11 94 — гл. инженер-менеджер (продажи всего оборудования)

+38 050 457 13 30 — Рашид - продажи новинок
e-mail: msd@msd.com.ua
Схема проезда к производственному офису:
Схема проезда к МСД

Партнеры МСД

Контакты для заказов шлакоблочного оборудования:

+38 096 992 9559 Инна (вайбер, вацап, телеграм)
Эл. почта: inna@msd.com.ua