The themes of technological innovation, entrepreneurship, and organizing

KEY TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Case Study: A case study is a research strategy which focuses on understanding the dynamics present within single settings (Eisenhardt, 1989).

Corporate Sustainability: Corporate Sus­tainability can be defined as meeting the needs of a firm’s direct and indirect stakeholders (such as shareholders, employees, clients, pressure groups, communities etc), without compromising its ability to meet the needs of future stakeholders as well (Dyllick & Hockerts, 2002) - which can be operationalized by the heuristic, multi-criteria triple bottom line perspective aiming at the inte­gration of economic, environmental, and social capital through eco-efficiency and effectiveness, socio-efficiency and effectiveness, and eco justice (Schaltegger & Burritt, 2005).

Low-Income Market: Customers with annual purchasing power parity (PPP) of $1500 or less (Prahalad & Hart, 2002). Notably, there is no generally accepted definition of the exact amount of purchasing power yet and the debate on this specific amount is still ongoing.

Product Innovation: Gualitatively new prod­ucts which differ significantly from a comparable condition (Hauschildt & Salomo, 2007).

Product-Service System (PSS): A system of products, services, networks of players and sup­porting infrastructure that continuously strives to be competitive, satisfy customers needs and have a lower environmental impact than traditional business models” (Goedkoop, 1999).

Sustainable Development: A development that meets the needs and aspirations of the pres­ent generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987).

Sustainability-Oriented Innovation (SOI):

A new development (and commercial introduc­tion) of a product, technology, service, process, or business model which, in comparison to a prior version, has a positive net effect on the overall capital stock (economic, environmental, social), whereby tradeoffs between economic capital on the one hand and environmental and social capitals on the other are possible only when the reduction of either one side is compensated with a sufficiently high increase of the other (Hansen et al., 2010; Wagner and Llerena, 2008).

The themes of technological innovation, entrepreneurship, and organizing

About the Contributors

Farley S. Nobre (PhD, MSc, BSc) is Professor at the School of Management of Federal University of Parana, Brazil. His research interests include organizations, knowledge management systems, innova­tion and sustainability. …

The Roles of Cognitive Machines in Customer — Centric Organizations: Towards Innovations in Computational Organizational Management Networks

Farley Simon Nobre Federal University of Parana, Brazil ABSTRACT This chapter proposes innovative features of future industrial organizations in order to provide them with the capabilities to manage high levels …

Tools That Drive Innovation: The Role of Information Systems in Innovative Organizations

Jason G. Caudill Carson-Newman College, USA ABSTRACT The purpose of this chapter is to examine computer technology as a tool to support innovation and innovative processes. The primary problem that …

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