The Technique of FURNITURE MAKING

Setting out and cutting lists 36 Setting out and cutting lists

SETTING OUT

Full-size drawings or rods are necessary for setting out the work, showing the exact dimen­sions and constructional methods to be em­ployed. Normally, design-drawings do not show the constructional methods unless they are of an unorthodox nature, and it is generally assumed that the furniture will be made in accordance with established custom; therefore the setter - out must decide the kinds of joint which will ensure adequate strength and rigidity in the construction, within the framework of the price factor and the designer's clear intention. In other words he must be a sympathetic interpreter, but at the same time completely practical in his approach.

Working drawings can be on paper, on sheets of plywood or on rods. The rods were almost invariably used in joiners' shops, and the lines were broken to condense the overall dimensions into a narrow pine rod about 9 in (228 mm) wide and 1/2 in (12.5 mm) thick. The method is useful for tall fitments, large bookcases, fitted ward­robes, panelling, etc., but a full-size drawing which is unmistakably clear is always simpler in the end. Figure 437 shows a fairly typical example of a full-size working drawing (reduced in scale for reproduction purposes only) of the cocktail cabinet described in Chapter 42. Figure 437:1 shows the front elevation, 437:2 the side elevation, 437:4A and B the plan halved on the centre-line to show the lower framing and the upper carcass with shaped interior shelf. Working details of the carcass construction, leg framing and lower shelf are shown in 437:6, door construction in 437:5, and drawer details in 437:7. Alternative methods of carcass construction and applied edgings are illustrated in 437:3, but in actual practice only one method need be shown.

In preparing working drawings the scaled dimensions of the original design-drawing must be followed and no allowance made for fair facing, etc. Thus a section shown as 3 in (76 mm)

Job No__________________

CocktaC abinet—Rnp lish Walnut Or derNo

Customer...................................... Da te...............................................................................................................................................................................

Mark

Description

No.

Length

Width

Thick

Wood

Notes

Carcass

in

mm

in

mm

in

mm

A

Top

1

30

762

1713/16

452

3/4

19

Solid

B

Base

1

295/8

752.5

1713/l6

452

3/4

19

Solid

C

Sides

2

2613/l6

681

1713/16

452

3/4

19

Solid

D

Fixed shelf

1

287/8

733.5

173/4

452

1/4

16

Not edged

E

Back

1

265/8

676

29%

752.5

1/4

6

Plywood

Rebated

F

Adjustable shelf

1

281/2

724

6

152

1/2

12.5

Plywood

G

Shaped shelf

1

281/2

724

16%

419

1/2

12.5

H

Front edgings

Doors

10 ft

3048

3/4

19

3/16

5

Solid

No tongues

I

Stiles

4

207/8

530

111/16

43

3/4

19

Solid

J

Rails

4

141/4

362

111/16

43

3/4

19

Solid

K

Panels

Drawer

2

177/8

454

111/4

286

5/8

16

Solid

L

Front

1

28%

724

4

102

1/2

22

Solid

M

Sides

2

17

432

4

102

1/2

12.5

Oak

N

Back

1

28%

724

31/4

82.5

1/2

12.5

Oak

O

Bottom

Stand

1

27%

708

17

432

1/4

6

Plywood

Limba

P

Legs

4

21%

546

1%

48

17/8

48

Solid

Tapered to 1 in (25 mm)

Q

Long rails

2

29%

743

2

51

7/8

22

Solid

Tenoned

R

Side rails

2

17

432

2

51

7/8

22

Solid

Tenoned

S

Shelf rails

2

173/8

441

11/4

32

3/4

19

Solid

Tenoned

T

Shelf

1

29

737

121/2

317.5

3/8

9.5

Plywood

Veneered

U

Shelf edgings

2

28 1/2

724

5/8

16

1/2

12.5

Solid

V

Shelfveneers

Brasswork

2

29

737

121/2

317.5

0.7

Walnut

4 brass handles; 2 pairs 1 in (50 mm' brass butt s and screw s; 8 shelf pegs bra ss;36so cketsforpegs; screws for ply back

Note: Metric conversions are approximate only.

Cutting list

Sheet No. 1

thick must be taken as 3 in (76 mm) thick finished section; whereas in joinery practice it is taken for granted that a specified dimension will conform to the standard sawn sizes for soft­woods, or if shown as, say, 3 in (76 mm) by 2 in (50 mm) will in reality be ex sawn 3 in (76 mm) by 2 in (50 mm) or approximately 23/4 in (70 mm) by 1% in (44 mm) net finished thickness, unless expressly stated to the contrary.

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The Technique of FURNITURE MAKING

ESTIMATING THE COST OF MAN-HOURS IN HANDWORK

Where no previous records are available the proprietor must assess his own capabilities and those of his employees. Common joinery items are usually in softwood of fairly large dimensions, with …

Costs of man-hours

The total cost of man-hours at the rates paid, plus overtime rates where applicable, plus health insurance, pensions, paid holidays, etc. have to be considered. Here again these may be …

Appendix: Costing and estimating

Costing is the pricing of completed work taking into account not only all the direct expenses— materials, wages and insurances, fuel and power, machining costs, workshop expenses, etc.—but also a …

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